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What’s the Ecodesign directive all about?

By adopting the Kyoto Protocol, the European Union has undertaken to reduce CO2 emissions by at least 20 per cent by 2020.

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To achieve this climate goal, the EU adopted the EuP Directive (Energy Using Products Directive) in 2005.

Re-named ErP Directive (Energy Related Products Directive) in 2009, its purpose is to investigate the energy-saving potential of numerous energy-consuming products and to stipulate minimum requirements. Binding limit values for fans were set down in March 2011. (Commission Regulation (EU) 327/2011)

Fans of all types with a power consumption of between 125 W and 500 kW are affected.

The Directive is binding in the 27 EU member states. All fans brought onto the market in Europe are subject to the Directive, including those imported into Europe from third countries. The minimum efficiency requirements also apply to fans fitted in devices that are imported into Europe.


ebm-papst products comply with the minimum efficiency requirements for fans. See for yourself!

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The stages of the regulation

In 2013 the first stage of efficiency requirements for fans was implemented, and in 2015 a more stringent one. The limit values required by the fan regulation are quite demanding. Even in the first stage, about 30 percent of all available fans no longer satisfied the new regulations. Then 2015, another 20 percent of products did no longer meet the required efficiency.


Integrated fans

This regulation applies to fans that are operated as “stand-alone” devices as well as those fans which are integrated as a component in a device or system.

Bespoke vs. Catalogue

There is a call to exclude bespoke fans from eco-design regulations but keep catalogue fans included. This doesn’t make sense.

Frequently asked questions

To help achieving the climate goals of the EU. The objective of the Ecodesign regulation is to reduce our impact on our environment.
The ErP directive concerns many products that consume energy in some form or another. This means that components such as fans, motors or pumps as well as complete devices, e.g. ventilation or air conditioning units are also taken into consideration.
Fans of all types (axial fans, centrifugal fans with forward-curved and backward-curved blades, tangential blowers and diagonal fans) with a power consumption of between 0.125 kW and 500 kW are affected. This applies to fans that are operated as “stand-alone” devices or are integrated as a component in a device or system.
Yes. The regulation does not pertain to fans for kitchen range hoods with power of less than 280 watts and fans used in clothes dryers.
The EU defines minimum efficiency ratings in the ErP implementing regulation for fans. These are defined on the basis of the power consumption at the optimum point. Determination of whether a fan conforms to the ErP implementing regulation always involves assessing the efficiency of the fan as a whole, i.e. the entire unit comprising control electronics (if fitted), motor, and fan impeller.
There is a legal requirement to review the regulation in its fifth year after implementation. The discussion called “Revision 2020” is already in progress. Until today no compulsory results have been made. The EU Commission is working on it. But we’re expecting that a revised version of the regulation will not be passed before the European elections in 2019. Therefore it’s unlikely that there will be any tightening of the regulation before 2022.

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